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Contacts Reference catalogue Types of galvanic cellsThe basic data on accumulators.Acid accumulatorsAlkaline accumulatorsThe device of the accumulator and a principle of its actionThe basic characteristics of storage batteriesSafety precautions at operation of accumulatorsThe generator of alternating currentThe device of generatorsThe instruction on firm application panasonicGymnastics of devices





Of malfunction and ways of their elimination

Generally, in most Accumulator To break there is especially nothing. anyway, the reason of the majority of malfunctions is connected not with its own defects, and with presence of the additional equipment, for example, alarm systems and Phone. these devices especially like to present "surprises" during long parking of the car, for example, at the airports. Chris barrett, the operating director of firm Hoppecke Batteries, explains: manufacturers of cars with a view of economy put most"weak" AccumulatorFor what only it is possible, therefore any additional electric loading can lead to malfunction.
Accumulator Service process, of course, wears out and, eventually, fails. it occurs owing to corrosion of plates, pauperisation of their active covering and an electrolit exhaustion. that is promoted by the raised temperature so more often damages occur in the summer. usually battery service life makes about four years, but in the big degree depends on an operation mode.
Accumulator Has started to knock, do not hasten to throw out it. kate mak-iven warns: our experience shows that a large quantity automobile AccumulatorWhich were considered faulty, have been simply discharged. such "simple" diagnosis is favourable only to not so scrupulous sellers. try to charge discharged Accumulator, and as soon as possible. the longer Accumulator Not charged, the more strongly plates, and that its restoration will be more problematic.
Accumulator Batteries concern:
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Accumulator There is its natural self-category which according to gost 959.0 79 at temperature of storage of the battery 293 5 (20 5 ) for 28 days should not exceed 20 % of its nominal capacity.
Accumulator Batteries can occur for following reasons:
- Accumulator It is covered by a dirt, a moisture and electrolit that leads to the battery category on a surface of covers;
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- For The usual (not distilled) water containing alkalis or salts;
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0,1 1,1-1,2 Accumulator. thus extraneous metals and oxides from electrodes pass in electrolit. then to pour out electrolit, to wash out the battery the distilled water, to fill in fresh electrolit in former density to charge.
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For elimination Of short circuit assort, replace the damaged separators and electrodes, delete a deposit and a sponge from edges of electrodes. after assemblage  charge with one recharge.
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Accumulator Batteries from a recharge it is necessary to choose limits of adjustment of a regulator of pressure correctly.
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- 1,7 Accumulator;
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0,05 1,7. To charge current 0,03 from capacity. at achievement of density of electrolit of 1,09 g/sm pressure of everyone Accumulator Should be 2.3-2.4 v.esli it more low A charge stop, an electrolit part replace with the distilled water and after a 2-one hour's interval continue A charge that A current before achievement of density of 1,09 g/sm and pressure 2,3-2,4 v.posle etogo density lead up to normal and charge the battery a current 0,1 from capacity.
For restoration Of electrodes with deep, but not inveterate, from discharged to 1,7 merge electrolit and fill in in them the distilled water. in an hour Accumulator , having established a current so that pressure on conclusions of the 12-volt battery was 13,8. when the electrolit density will raise to 1,12 g/sm, establish a current corresponding 0,2 from capacity of the battery. gymnastics conduct prior to the beginning of gas evolution in all Accumulator And the terminations of increase in density of electrolit. then include on 1,5-2- a discharge approximately the same current. a discharge and a gymnastics continue until the electrolit density raises.
Accumulator Has sharply lowered possibility plates. therefore this phenomenon can be observed now only at the negligent reference with Accumulator The battery.
For elimination Malfunction needs to remove tips of wires (plug) from probes, to smooth out probes and plugs and to strengthen the last on probes. after that and plugs outside it is necessary to grease probes with a thin layer of technical vaseline.
- Accumulator Batteries on the car. in the presence of cracks in partitions of a monoblock of electrolits from the next cells it is informed among themselves and these elements do not develop necessary pressure. pressure of the battery thus sharply to decrease (for example, at short circuit of two elements pressure decreases with 12 to 8).
Accumulator Batteries.
Accumulator. if in at least one Accumulator Before the others working capacity of the battery will be defined by it AccumulatorWhich at the further category and Will charge the return A current the others AccumulatorThat will lead to considerable voltage reductionat lagging behind Accumulator The electrolit density at a charge grows much more slowly, and temperature faster, than at the others Accumulator. the battery with such Accumulator Should be subjected 2-3- to a kontrolno-training cycle (charge-category).

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